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 Wild dogs

Preparation of cyanide ejector registration package

Wild dog control is a priority issue for graziers in many areas. This project will facilitate registration of a technique to remove problem wild dogs in a target-specific and humane way using sentinel devices which eject a measured dose of cyanide into a wild dog’s mouth once triggered.

Improving the humaneness of leg-hold traps for wild dog control-Phase 2

Test the ability to improve the humaneness of leg-hold traps by locating a pouch filled with a fast-acting toxin on trap jaws to minimise the suffering of trapped dogs.

Monitoring impact of 1080 canid baiting on spotted-tail quolls

1080 baiting is a key component of wild dog control to protect agricultural and environmental values. Whilst reducing wild dog populations may benefit some native species, there are also concerns that 1080 baits may be taken by carnivorous native animals such as spotted-tail quolls, and in some cases, kill them. This project will determine how real this risk is.

Best practice baiting: dispersal and seasonal movement of wild dogs

This project will monitor the movements of wild dogs in unbaited areas 'inside' the Dog Fence to determine how wide buffer baiting areas need to be. This work will determine the reasons for increased dog activity during the mating season to predict the most effective time to bait to prevent re-colonisation.

Evaluation and development of best practice wild dog management

This project assessed the effectiveness of the dog fence and considered alternative wild dog control techniques, including mechanical M44 bait ejectors and livestock protection collars. The national cost of wild dog control is second only to rabbit control-largely because of the cost of maintaining the dog fence. Its cost-effectiveness and future options need to be considered by landholders and government.
Additional information: 'Beefy and the Beast' Newsletter

Integrated management of wild dogs/dingoes in south-eastern NSW and ACT

This project developed a coordinated adaptive management plan for wild dogs and dingoes over a large area, based on objective data.
Additional information: Working plan for managing wild dogs

Efficacy and cost-benefit of replacement baiting, trapping and the M44 ejector for wild dog control in eastern Victoria

This project conducted a comparative assessment of the effectiveness of replacement baiting and mechanical M44 bait ejectors for the control of wild dogs.

Improving the humaneness of leg-hold traps for wild dog control-Phase 1

Continued availability of trapping is essential for many livestock producers. However, the humaneness of trapping has been the subject of considerable debate which threatens continued access to this control technique. This project assessed the potential of a 'tranquiliser trap device' to improve the humaneness of wild dog trapping.

Assessing the effect of a reduction in baiting rates for wild dogs

Aerial baiting is highly effective for reducing the impact of wild dogs on livestock over extensive pastoral areas. However, recent evidence suggests that the number of baits distributed into the environment may be excessive and beyond that required to manage the wild dog problem. This increases costs (and therefore reduces landholder profitability) and may lead to questions about the probity and environmental safety of such programs. This project conducted a preliminary assessment of this issue.
Project report: Assessing the effect of a reduction in baiting rates for wild dogs

Longevity of 1080 meat baits in arid Australia

This project assessed the longevity and take of 1080 meat baits for wild dog control with implications for the timing, frequency and effectiveness of baiting and non-target risks.
Project report: Longevity of 1080 meat baits in Central Australia

The ecology of livestock predation

This project analysed extensive research data on the prey selection and hunting efficiency of wild dogs in relation to their age, social rank, territorial status and behaviour of prey. This project has implications for improving baiting strategies and should reduce ad hoc single-property programs.
Project report: Pack size and prey behaviour affects prey selection and the predation of livestock by dingoes

The impact of wild dog control on cattle, native and introduced herbivores and introduced predators

This project investigated the effect of wild dog control on livestock, kangaroos, rabbits, feral cats and foxes. The cost:benefit of wild dog control to reduce impact on cattle was also examined.
Project report: The impact of wild dog on cattle, native and introduced herbivores and introduced predators in Central Australia

Refining target specificity of M44 ejectors - attractants and presentation methods

This project tested a range of attractants to increase the take of baits from M44 ejectors and compared the effectiveness and target specificity of differently presented M44s.
Project report: Refining target specificity of mechanical ejectors-attractants and presentation methods

Best practice baiting: evaluation of large-scale, community-based 1080 baiting campaigns

This project is looking at ways to improve the effectiveness of broadscale baiting in rangeland areas of Australia to protect sheep and cattle production. In many areas, the timing, frequency, intensity and scale of baiting is based on tradition rather than any quantitative assessment of optimal strategy. Recent studies have shown that poor baiting practices can actually increase predation on cattle. This project will also test innovative wild dog control strategies including Livestock Protection Collars.
Additional information: 'Beefy and the Beast' Newsletter