AQUAVETPLAN - Disease Strategy Manual - White spot disease of prawns

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This disease strategy manual is an integral part of the Australian Aquatic Veterinary Emergency Plan (AQUAVETPLAN).

The manual sets out the disease control principles for use in response to a suspected or confirmed incursion of white spot disease in Australia.

White spot disease is a serious disease of prawns, and continues to have serious effects in prawn culture in south- and south-east Asia, the Americas, Africa and the middle east. Australia is one of the few countries with a prawn farming industry which is free of the disease. The manual is in three sections. The first section details the nature of the disease, giving background information on aetiology, susceptible species, world distribution, diagnosis, resistance, epidemiology and impacts. The second section includes principles of control and eradication- including control options available, farm types, methods to prevent spread and eliminate pathogens, environmental considerations, restocking measures and public awareness. The third section deals with the overall policy for white spot disease should it occur in Australia, the response options, the strategies for control and eradication, potential social and economic effects, and criteria for proof of freedom. Appendices provide links to the OIE Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals and the OIE Aquatic Animal Health Code, and also information on the approval of chemical for use in Australia.

White Spot Virus

Photo courtesy of D V Lightner

Emergency Animal Disease Watch Hotline

If you see any unusual symptoms in farmed or wild aquatic animals, play it safe and report it immediately to the Emergency Animal Disease Watch Hotline. Early detection is the key to effective response.