National eradication programs - plant pests

Australia sometimes undertakes national programs to eradicate incursions of specific exotic plant pests and diseases from the country. These programs are necessary when a pest or disease has the potential to seriously impact on Australia’s plant industries, trade, the economy, the environment and even lifestyle. These programs are only undertaken when the elimination of a pest or disease is justified and feasible.

The success of the national eradication programs is dependent on a number of factors, including the detection of pests and diseases subject to eradication. You can help by watching out for any of the pests and diseases that are under eradication in Australia. Report any detections you have made to Exotic Plant Pest Hotline on 1800 084 881.

The Australian Government, the state and territory governments, and affected plant industries work cooperatively to implement national eradication programs across the country. The Office of the Chief Plant Protection Officer nationally coordinates the programs. The state or territory government of where the pest occurs is responsible for the management and operation of the program. Technical assistance for programs is provided by the Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry.

Status of pests and diseases subject to recent national eradication programs or responses in Australia
Pest name Detected in Status Resource link
Cocoa pod borer
Conopomorpha cramerella
Queensland Subject to a national eradication program Cocoa pod borer
Chestnut blight
Cryphonectria parasitica
Victoria Subject to a national eradication program Chestnut Blight

Citrus canker
Xanthomonus axonopodis pv. citri


Declared as eradicated from Australia

Exotic plant pests – citrus canker

Grapevine leaf rust
Phakopsora euvitis

Northern Territory

Declared as eradicated from Australia


Red imported fire ant
Solenopsis invicta


Subject to a national eradication program

Fire ants

Electric ant
Wasmannia auropunctata


Subject to a national eradication program

Electric ants (Wamannia auropunctata) in Queensland

European house borer
Hylotrupes bajulus

Western Australia

Transition to containment program

European House Borer

National Eradication Programs – Exotic Weeds